This programme aims to develop the knowledge needed to understand how changes in the physical environment will affect the large-scale ecosystem structure and biogeochemical functioning of the Arctic Ocean. It aims to identify potential major impacts and provide projections for the future.
The Arctic is the fastest changing environment on the planet, supporting diverse yet still poorly understood ecosystems. Changes in the Arctic Ocean and sea ice environment will generate major but unknown changes in Arctic ecosystems. This will affect biological processes at every level of organisation, from genetics and physiology to food webs, biogeochemical cycles, species distribution and whole ecosystems.
The goal of this programme is to understand how change in the physical environment (ice and ocean) will affect the large-scale ecosystem structure and biogeochemical functioning of the Arctic Ocean. It will also look at the potential major impacts and provide projections for future ecosystem services.
The focus of this programme is on developing the fundamental and quantified understanding needed to generate projections of the impacts of future change on biological and biogeochemical processes. These processes will affect productivity, species distributions, food webs and ecosystems and the services they provide.
The aims are to develop a quantified understanding of:
- the controls on the spatial and temporal structure and functioning of Arctic ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles
- the impacts of multiple stressors on Arctic species, biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem structure and functioning.