Research into both high temperature, high density plasmas magnetically confined or laser produced, and low temperature, low density plasmas.
This area covers research into high temperature, high density plasmas which are either magnetically confined or produced by high power lasers. It includes development of novel laser systems, laser physics and the understanding of lasering mechanisms. In addition, it encompasses work into low temperature, low density discharge or atmospheric plasmas (technological plasmas). Part of this research area overlaps with the Light Matter Interactions and Optical Phenomena area.
We will continue to preserve excellence in high-quality fundamental science in this research area. This will continue to underpin related areas (such as Light Matter Interactions), but also feed into and inform activities with academia and industry in parts of our wider portfolio, including Energy and Manufacturing the Future – encouraging further interdisciplinary work.
We will continue to strengthen links to industry to ensure high impact in many sectors, including energy, defence and manufacturing, with opportunities actively being explored to foster collaborations between researchers in academia and industry.
The development of researchers will continue, echoing the amount of training supported in the current portfolio and the wish to have young researchers with particular skills and expertise in this field, which is relevant to the nuclear energy industry, for example. It is also envisaged that support of established research groups will be maintained to retain UK capability.
Researchers will continue to maintain good working interactions with relevant national facilities, especially the Central Laser Facility (CLF), the Orion Laser at AWE and the upgraded Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST-U) at Culham, reflecting the significant proportion of the community that makes use of them. Sharing of facilities at all levels, from local and national to international, will be important in the constrained capital environment.