This research area focuses on the theoretical and experimental study of superfluids (typically helium), encompassing investigation of a range of their properties.
This research area focuses on the theoretical and experimental studies of the quantum mechanical phenomena of superfluids, typically through the study of helium (He) just above zero kelvin (absolute zero).
This research area includes studies of solid, liquid and superfluid phases of 4He, 3He, hydrogen and 3He/4He mixtures, and encompasses investigation of properties (for example topological defects, flow and quantum turbulence) as well as early potential applications.
We aim to:
- consolidate experimental capacity at sites with existing necessary infrastructure, taking advantage of the geographical proximity of some of the key groups to combine expertise and to focus research in collaborative, strategic and ambitious programmes
- encourage upgrades and full use of existing capital, in preference to large additional investments – for the current generation of experiments, we expect that existing equipment will be sufficient, based on previous investments through the UK National Quantum Technologies Programme (UKNQTP), critical-mass grants and industry
- continue training and early-career development, without intervention, through research centres where there are established research leaders, capital, or theoretical expertise.
We will strongly encourage collaboration and knowledge transfer across disciplines, to accelerate advances through to application and maximise links with other research areas, including:
- Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure
- Condensed Matter: Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
- Cold Atoms and Molecules
- Fluid Dynamics and Aerodynamics.
While this research is fundamental in nature, many of the resultant techniques and outputs have strong applications in the cryogenic industry, with significant crossover with the low and ultralow-temperature physics and technology community. We will encourage strengthening of interdisciplinary interactions, with pathways to application identified through appropriate industries and translational activities, such as the UKNQTP.