The aim of this programme is to carry out research to better understand the options for removing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, with a focus on the environmental, technical, economic, governance and wider societal aspects in a national and international context.
The programme will carry out research to improve our knowledge of the options for removing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere at a climatically-relevant scale, giving interdisciplinary attention to the environmental, technical, economic, governance and wider societal aspects of such approaches on a national level and in an international context.
The co-support of the greenhouse gas removal programme reflects its interdisciplinary and strategic purpose, not only to advance scientific understanding in those funders’ remits, but also to provide information and evidence relevant to UK climate policy needs and more widely. The overall programme objectives reflect that strategic purpose:
- to better define the real world feasibility of greenhouse gas removal techniques that might significantly assist in achieving climate policy goals from a range of technical, economic, societal and environmental perspectives
- to synthesise and assess existing and newly acquired information on potential greenhouse gas removal techniques, making those informed assessments easily available and useful to the national and international policymaking community for maximum impact.
Value of the outcomes
The outcomes are expected to be of particular value to several bodies and policies.
UK national climate change policy
The programme will provide evidence and advice to BEIS and the UK Committee on Climate Change. They will be important for the Committee on Climate Change’s statutory advice on national carbon budgets and the future UK reporting requirements (through nationally determined contributions) of the Paris agreement of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, working closely with the Met Office Hadley Centre.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The outcomes of the programme will be of particular value in the context of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s sixth assessment report tentatively scheduled for publication in 2021 and special reports. They will also be important for other intergovernmental bodies, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, with particular interests in the impacts of unconventional climate mitigation.